All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Apple varieties

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  • Photo of Saint Edmund's PippinA popular russet apple with the characteristic sandpaper skin and sweet flavour. Often known as St. Edmund's Russet.
  • One of the more unusual Cox-derived apples, Saint Everard is the result of Cox pollinated by a well-regarded old English variety, Margil. As might be expected it has a high quality aromatic flavour. However it suffers from the cultural difficulties of Cox's Orange Pippin and did not achieve commercial success.
  • Medium. Russet.
  • Similarity to its parent Northern Spy. Creamy flesh color and long keeping quality, but it has a fuller flavor, is hardier, and redder and less troubled by scab. Bright scarlet stripes and flush. Sweet, juicy melting flesh; definite flavor of raspberries. Quality very high. Aromatic, juicy and crisp.
  • An English apple variety from the Victorian era, or possibly earlier, with a good flavour, deserves to be more widely grown.
  • Red, medium large. Sweet with acid. Resembles Gala flavor.
  • Photo of Santana®A modern apple from the Netherlands, with a pleasant vinous flavour and bred specifically for reduced levels of proteins which can cause allergic reactions for some people.
  • A modern apple variety developed in France, related to Rubinette.
  • Photo of SaturnAn excellent modern English apple variety, developed at the famous East Malling research station.
  • Medium size. Sweet.
  • Unusually bright red color distinguishes it from other Galas. It is a medium sized apple. Oval to round in shape and slightly taller than other strains. Flesh is yellow, extremely firm, very juicy, and sweet and mildly aromatic.
  • Very attractive medium sized round dessert apple. White, firm, crisp, melting flesh. Juicy and mildly subacid with good flavor.
  • One of the most striking examples of a red-fleshed apple variety.
  • Fruit is round-conic, full blushed red, sweet and juicy. Hangs extremely well to the tree and sugars increase greatly until early October.
  • Medium sized fruit is green, flushed and striped red. Sweet-sharp, aromatic flesh.
  • Photo of ScifreshA synonym for Jazz.
  • Photo of Scotch BridgetA reliable Scottish cooking apple that is also widely-grown in north-west England.
  • An early-ripening culinary apple, which cooks to a frothy puree.
  • Photo of Scrumptious®A new early-season English dessert apple, with very good flavour.
  • Color of fruit varies form pale pink to darker red with red stripes. Sometimes solid red in the sun. Crisp, breaking, juicy flesh. Very sweet fine mild flavor.
  • A flattish round, medium size apple. Almost solid red over green background with prominent white or russet dots. Tender, crisp, juicy flesh. Most refreshing flavor.
  • This Fuji-type apple has a wonderful sweet flavor with a crisp, juicy texture. Pink stripe over green. Small to medium fruit, round to oblate.
  • A synonym for Senshu.
  • Blush. Approximates flavor of Fuji in spite of much shorter growing season.
  • Medium size fruit is very similar in appearance to Granny Smith. Flesh is creamy light green and has a coarse texture with a sprightly flavor similar to McIntosh.
  • Yellow fruit striped with red. Flesh sweet, soft & juicy. Can lack acidity and taste woody. Generally similar to McIntosh, but sweeter and firmer. High quality.
  • The red elongated fruit is crisp, sweet, and great for fresh eating.
  • A synonym for Black Gilliflower.
  • Photo of ShenandoahQuite similar to its parent Opalescent, and a pleasant sweet apple in its own right
  • Yellow fruit covered with red flush and darker streaks. Crisp, juicy, aromatic, subacid flavor.
  • Resembles Golden Delicious but harder. Medium size, round, greenish yellow fruit. Firm, fine grained white flesh. Very sweet, scented, crisp & juicy.
  • Same parentage as Mutsu (Crispin). Large. Yellow with red-orange blush. Sweeter with less acid than Mutsu (not necessarily preferable), but excellent flavor.
  • Large blocky handsome apple. Greenish yellow skin. Striped or blushed with red. Juicy very crisp moderately sweet flesh.   Rich, tart, sprightly flavor. Excellent for eating fresh or cooking. Good keeper.
  • Medium size. Cream colored translucent. No blush or stripe pattern. Very clear, no visible lenticels. Crisp, juicy, excellent flavor. Short season, not a keeper.
  • Medium sized fruits are pale yellow, sometimes almost white with a pinkish blush in the sun. Crisp, juicy, deep cream flesh; sweet, aromatic flavor superior to either parent.
  • The tree under which the famous scientist gained the inspiration for his theory of gravitation.
  • Large greenish yellow fruit. High quality, but very thin tender skin that bruises easily. Very sweet, scented taste, crisp & juicy.
  • Greenish-yellow apple, blushed pink, good for cooking and eating. Flesh white and fine-grained.
  • A typical modern fresh-tasting apple from New Zealand, related to Falstaff, Fiesta, Gala, and Braeburn.
  • Photo of SmokehouseLarge, flattish shape, yellow flushed and striped red. Flesh crisp, yellowish, moderately fine-grained. Fresh cider flavor. Very good quality cooking, eating, and baking apple. Keeps well through March.
  • Continues to be the most russet-resistant Golden Delicious strain, allowing quality Goldens to be grown where proneness to russetting would otherwise prohibit Golden production. Essentially the same as Golden Delicious except for skin smoothness and russet resistance.
  • Photo of Snow AppleA synonym for Fameuse.
  • Sweet with a slight tart balance and rich overtones. Firm, snow white flesh is very slow to oxidize when exposed to air. 3-inch oblate shaped fruit, 70-85% bronze-red blush over a green-yellow background.
  • A cold-hardy red apple from the University of Minnesota.
  • Photo of SonataA synonym for Pinova.
  • Photo of SonyaA very new apple variety, but already popular with fans of sweeter apples - and one of the most popular pages on this website.
  • Old English culinary and cider apple. Fruit medium, skin greenish yellow flushed purple red. Flesh soft, fine stained pink. Flavor aromatic, subacid, vinous.
  • Photo of SouthfieldA synonym for Jazz.
  • Photo of SpartanAttractive, crunchy, sweet, easy to grow, and with the characteristic delicate wine-like "vinous" flavor of the McIntosh family of apples.
  • Large nearly solid red or red striped over green fruit. Very sweet with crisp juicy flesh. Fine flavor. Core smaller than McIntosh. Excellent eating quality.
  • Large golden yellow fruit 75% covered with bright red stripes. Tender skin. Fine grained firm crisp yellow flesh, sprightly and sweet. Stores well.
  • The fruits are large, of good quality, and have a very attractive red blush.
  • Photo of SpitzenburgA synonym for Esopus Spitzenburg.
  • A popular commercial apple variety in New Zealand.
  • A striped improvement of the original Delicious, inferior in color and typiness compared to today's selections, but superior in taste. Much more complex flavor with a honey component.
  • Photo of StarkrimsonCrisp, dense flesh, very sweet, quite juicy - a Delicious-style apple
  • The first super strain of Delicious. Has the "black" red when fully colored. Flavor not as good as predecessors.
  • Large, yellow-green fruit. Crisp, tart and juicy flesh.
  • Fruit is round, conic, medium sized. Fruit is brilliantly striped with reddish orange over a yellow background. Creamy flesh is firm, juicy aromatic and sweet and firmer than most early varieties. Moderately subacid flavor. Excellent for fresh eating. Keeps well for a summer apple.
  • An old American dual-purpose apple variety, popular in Virginia. Descended from Winesap, and in most respects an even better apple.
  • Red stripes and a yellow background. It's creamy white flesh, although crisp to the teeth, is melting and tender and almost dissolves on the tongue. Its flavor has a rich luscious pure apple taste. Good savory taste. Plenty of sweetness, acidity, & juice. Fruits up to 3" in circumference.
  • A popular Victorian cooking apple from Stirling in Scotland, produces a good-flavoured puree.
  • A classic English cider variety, producing a high-quality bittersharp juice.
  • Photo of Strawberry ParfaitEarly season apple with hints of strawberry flavoring
  • Medium sized fruit is striped and flushed red. Crisp, juicy flesh that is quite sweet.
  • Bright cherry-red blush fruit. Creamy, high quality flesh. Color reaches full bright red ahead of maturity which is in the middle area of Red Delicious strains. Known for it's aromatic flavor and fresh eating quality.
  • A popular Victorian dessert apple variety, notable for its exceptional keeping qualities.
  • Medium-sized round-conical shaped. Yellow skin covered with red and pink stripes. Flesh semifirm, nearly white with subacid flavor.
  • Bright red apple with creamy white flesh.
  • Superb, rich flavor.
  • Attractive, large, brightly striped, red fruit. Breaking, crisp, exceptionally juicy flesh. Subacid, aromatic flavor.
  • Excellence both for eating and stewing. The size is moderate, the form flat, the skin smooth of a beautiful yellow resembling yellow wax, blended with red in streaks and blotches. The flesh is sweet, sprightly, and juicy.
  • Fruits are large to very large, of angular, oblong-conic shape, with glossy skin blushed 70-100% brilliant red. The coarse, cream colored flesh is crisp, sweet, and good fresh from the tree when the fruits are ripe. Fruits hang well, but lose quality quickly and become mealy if not harvested. Storage life is short.
  • A new orange-skinned pink-fleshed apple.
  • Good looking yellow apple with a 0-40% orange-red blush. Flavor is sweet yet mildly subacid, said to be intense. Cream colored flesh, not prone to browning. Fruit can be stored up to 6 months in cold storage.
  • A modern disease-resistant apple with an attractive yellow blush.
  • Photo of Sundowner®A late-season apple from Australia, whose varietal name is Cripps Red and which is related to Pink Lady®.
  • Medium size. Bright red over yellow. Fair dessert quality. Good cooking apple.
  • Photo of SunriseOne of the best early apple varieties, ripening in the UK in late August.
  • Photo of SunsetPopular garden alternative to Cox, easier to grow, and has a similar flavour albeit lacking some of the depth.
  • Medium-large fruit, gold-yellow flushed and striped orange-red. Flesh yellowish-cream. Firm and fairly juicy. Flesh rather coarsely textured, crisp.
  • One of the best red sports of Red Delicious. Starts out as a stripe and fills in to a solid red a full ten days ahead of its parent.
  • Small, green winter apple with creamy white, red stained flesh.
  • Photo of Surprize™A new pink-fleshed apple variety with an orange skin.
  • Uniform and symmetrical shape, beautiful color and pleasant quality makes it an excellent eating apple. Too mild for culinary use. Flesh slightly tinged with yellow, rather firm, moderately fine-grained, crisp, tender, juicy, mild subacid.
  • Golden yellow sprinkled with russet spots and streaks with cinnamon russet becoming solid at base. Rich, distinctive flavor; aromatic and sprightly. Excellent eating apple.
  • Fruit small-medium, pale yellow blushed pink. Sweet, juicy flesh. High quality.
  • Medium-large green apple. Juicy, tender flesh, honeyed sweetness.
  • A traditional English mild bittersweet cider variety from Devon.
  • Large, greenish yellow fruit, flushed reddish-orange with red streaks. Firm, fine, creamy white, melting flesh. Very sweet with an aromatic flavor. Excellent keeper.
  • Photo of Sweet LilibetA synonym for Red Windsor.
  • Large, red striped fruit. Firm, crisp, aromatic flesh. Moderately acidic.
  • An attractive red winter apple, symmetrical, uniform, medium to large size. It is excellent in quality for dessert or for baking or other culinary uses. Skin tough, smooth, pale yellow or greenish nearly overspread with bright light red with carmine stripes. Flesh nearly white, firm, rather fine, moderately crisp, tender, juicy, distinctly sweet, good to very good.
  • Deep red coloration over a yellow breaking background. Crisp, juicy, sweet fruit.
  • Photo of Swiss GourmetA synonym for Arlet.
  • Most unusual color of purplish maroon with dots, medium in size, very good apple for fresh eating.

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