All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Duchess of Oldenburg apple


Duchess of Oldenburg is a very attractive early-season apple, originating from Russia in the early 18th century.  It is primarily used as a cooking apple.

As might be expected, Duchess of Oldenburg is a very hardy apple tree.  Although not a commercial variety, it became popular across northern Europe and was introduced to North America in the early 19th century.

Duchess of Oldenburg is possibly an ancestor of the well-known Northern Spy apple of North America.



Duchess of Oldenburg identification photos from official fruit collections

UK National Fruit Collection

©Crown Copyright more >
UK National Fruit Collection

Duchess of Oldenburg identification photos from website visitors

  • Duchess of OldenburgDuchess of Oldenburg

Visitor reviews

  • 05 Aug 2014  Drew,  BRITISH COLUMBIA, Canada
    Our tree is quite old - our guess is it is at least 80+ years old. It produces upwards of 600+ pounds in a good year and 300+ pounds in a dry Summer. The apples are excellent for eating and apple sauce, as they break down too readily in pies.
  • 06 Aug 2013  Stephanie,  United States
    We harvested 7-10 bushels of Duchess. I would use one word to describe the apple: Tart. I usually like tart apples, but Duchess is simply too tart.
  • 17 Jun 2012  Charley,  WA, SPOKANE COUNTY, United States
    This is a good keeper in cold storage. Ours was good for cooking up until March this year 2012. When I use it for pie or apple crisp I like to add a little lime juice for tartness. Overall mild sweet taste.

Tree register

United States

Canada

Spring blossom records for this variety

2014 season

  • 15th May  2014  - tree owned by Thomas in Cottage Grove, United States

2012 season

  • 9th May  2012  - tree owned by James in Estacada, United States

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.


Harvest records for this variety

2018 season

  • 1st week September  2018  - tree owned by Esther in Saranac Lake, United States

2016 season

  • 4th week August  2016  - tree owned by Barbara in Poulsbo, United States

2012 season

  • September  2012  - tree owned by James in Estacada, United States

Origins

  • Species: Malus domestica
  • Originates from: Russia
  • Introduced: 18th century
  • Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1588
  • UK National Fruit Collection accession: 1957-190
  • We are grateful to Brogdale Farm - home of the UK National Fruit Collection - for providing samples of this variety.
  • Some historical details taken with kind permission from 'The New Book of Apples' by Joan Morgan and Alison Richards , illustrated by Elisabeth Dowle, published by Ebury Press, 2002.

Identification

  • Fruit colour: Red / Orange flush
  • Flesh colour: White to Cream, pale yellow
  • Fruit size: Medium
  • Fruit size: Large
  • Fruit size: Variable
  • Fruit shape: Flat
  • Fruit shape: Flat-round
  • Fruit shape: Round
  • Fruit shape: Oblong
  • Bultitude apple group: 4. Flushed / striped, smooth, dessert / dual-purpose

Using

  • Uses: Cooking
  • Uses: Drying
  • Cooking result: Puree
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Flavour quality: Good
  • Flavour quality: Average
  • Flavour style: Sharper
  • Flavour style: Aromatic
  • Flavour style: Sharp / refreshing
  • Harvest period: Early season

Growing

  • Cropping: Good
  • Flowering period: Early-Mid season
  • Flowering group: 2
  • Fertility: Self-sterile
  • Vigour: Slightly large
  • Gardening skill: Very easy
  • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer
  • Attractive features: Attractive fruit
  • General disease resistance: Good
  • Period of origin: 1750 - 1799

Climate

  • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
  • Climate suitability: Tolerates cold winters
  • Blossom frost-resistance: Good resistance

Offspring of this variety



Where to buy trees

The following fruit tree nurseries offer Duchess of Oldenburg apple trees for sale:


Where to buy fresh fruit

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References

  • Apples of England (1948)
    Author: Taylor


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