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WineCrispTM apple

WineCrisp, formerly known as Coop31, is a modern disease-resistant variety developed by the Universities of Prudue, Rutgers and Illinois and introduced in the 1990s.

The parentage is complex, but unusually for a modern disease-resistant variety it incorporates Cox's Orange Pippin as one of its grandparents.  Cox is known for the excellence of is flavor but is not particularly disease-resistant.  Jonathan, an old American variety which is well-regarded for flavor is also featured in the parentage.

Resistance to scab is taken care of by the well-established technique of using the crab-apple Malus floribunda in the parentage, along with variations of Rome Beauty, an apple noted for its general disease resistance and good cropping.

Flavor, as well as disease-resistance, was clearly a goal in the development of WineCrisp.  As the name suggests, this is a crisp apple with a fruity flavor.

Visually WineCrisp resembles Jonathan and Delicious.


USDA identification images for WineCrisp

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

    Visitor reviews

    • 16 Sep 2016  GRANGER, IN, United States
      First crop of apples after 3 years, crop small but apples grew well. Taste great! Firm, crispy flesh with mild tart taste. Look forward to more next year.
    • 23 Jun 2015  MO, United States
      We planted a Winecrisp apple and got our first apples last fall. Wow! Delicious! We plan to plant more. We bought from Stark brothers nursery.
    • 22 Jan 2015  NY, United States
      I hope you looked around, and found this info regarding the Winecrisp apple. The info you need is: Zone Range 4 - 8 Pollination Pollinator Required Bloom Color Purple, Red Fruit Color Red Fruit Size Medium Ripens/Harvest Mid October Shade/Sun Full Sun Soil Composition Loamy Soil Moisture Well Drained Soil pH Level 6.0 - 7.0 Taste Outstanding, Full-flavored With Subacid To Mild Texture Firm, Crisp, Juicy Years to Bear 2 - 5 As far as Cummins nursery goes they are not the only source, personally I wouldn't spend my money there as I found they don't have time. I would try Stark Bros. as they bought Miller nursery in NY and a have a greater availability.
    • 20 Dec 2013  CO, United States
      Looking for an orchardist (local or mailorder) who might have some of these apples for sale or anybody out there who knows what it tastes like and/or its sensitivity to soil and climate? Want hear more about Winecrisp, especially season of harvest, length of bloom time and frost resistance of flowers (and apples if its a late season apple, which I hope it is). Is it considered a good pollinator for other mid season bloomers? I'm willing to "go out on a limb" so to speak, so am planning on ordering one on either G41 or G11/MM111 interstem from Cummins Nursery. Have 10 other apple trees that are slowly coming to bearing age and need a consider placement related to heat tolerance, soil preferences and pollination factors. I have a south southeast facing, somewhat steep, sloping hillside on a spotty combo of heavy rocky red clay and lighter, gravelly clay fill that I've been terracing and amending for fifteen years now. Some areas are rather shallow soil over bedrock of loose sandstone that erodes when exposed and weakly supports hollyhocks, aster, mallow, wild grasses and prickly lettuce. The rest is much deeper as they used the clay fill to "fill up" the many ravines underneath it. Our climate is not so good for COX'S Orange, which I love but can't grow well enough to get high quality apples. I've heard the flavor of COX comes through in this one, that's why I'm considering it, as well as Rubinette, and Tydeman's Late Orange (TLO) as they seem better suited for our rather hot dry summers with cool night temps and occasionally summer monsoons. Will also consider other cultivars that someone with our unique microclimate and challenges (I've learned through the CO Master Gardening progam that fireblight can be a big problem here when we get socked in with humid air from an upslope) has had success with. Thanks!

    Tree register

    United States

    Spring blossom records for this variety

    2017 season

    • 19th May  2017  - tree owned by Kurt in Ladysmith, United States

    Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.


    • Species: Malus domestica - Apple
    • Originates from: United States
    • Introduced: 1990
    • Developed by: Purdue - Rutgers - Illinois (PRI)


    • Picking season: Late
    • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
    • Flavour style (apples): Sweet/Sharp
    • Cropping: Heavy
    • Food uses: Eating fresh
    • Wildlife: RHS Plants for Pollinators


    • Flowering group: 3
    • Bearing regularity: Biennial tendency
    • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer
    • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile


    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)

    Other qualities

    • Disease resistance: Good
    • Scab (Apple and Pear): Very resistant
    • Powdery mildew: Some resistance
    • Fire blight: Some resistance
    • Brown rot: Some susceptibility
    • Cedar apple rust: Some susceptibility

    Where to buy trees

    The following tree nurseries offer WineCrisp apple trees for sale:

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    The following orchards grow WineCrisp:

    United States

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