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Merton Prolific apple

Merton Prolific is one of the early results of research at the John Innes Institute, based in Merton, South London.  It is based on the premise of crossing an excellent dessert apple - Cox's Orange Pippin - with a tried and tested cooker - Northern Greening.  The result is not entirely successful, as the Northern Greening tends to dominate the mix - but this does mean that Merton Prolific is as its name suggests, a good cropper and it also keeps very well.  The flavour can best be described as strong apple-like - which is no bad thing.

Merton Prolific identification images

USDA identification images for Merton Prolific

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

    Parents and other ancestors of this variety

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    • Species: Malus domestica
    • Parentage: Northern Greening and Cox's Orange Pippin
    • Introduced: 1914
    • Developed by: Morley Benjamin Crane, John Innes Institute, Merton


    • Picking season: Late
    • Cropping: Heavy
    • Keeping (of fruit): 3 months or more
    • Flavor style (apples): Sharper
    • Food uses: Eating fresh
    • Food uses: Juice


    • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
    • Flowering group: 3
    • Ploidy: Diploid


    • Country of origin: United Kingdom
    • Period of origin: 1900 - 1949

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