Victorian author Robert Hogg recounts details he received about the origins of this variety from the original grower, John Perkins, Lord Henniker's gardener, who raised it from seed in the 1840s. It is a useful technique for anyone wishing to raise their own apple variety.
He started by planting "several bushels of apple pips", which were a waste product from cider production. The most promising seedlings were selected and the rest removed, and this process was repeated for several years, until only the best varieties remained.
Although well-regarded in Victorian times for its heavy-cropping and reliability, it is no longer widely-grown.
The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.
Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.
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