All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Jupiter apple

Jupiter is one of several apple varieties that can be considered as close substitutes for Cox's Orange Pippin. It was developed in the 1960s by the famous East Malling Research Station in Kent, with Cox being one of the parent varieties. The other parent is Starking, a sport of Delicious, a widely grown American apple variety originating in the 19th century.

Cox is a notoriously difficult apple to grow, and a great deal of research has gone into developing new varieties that retain the unique flavour whilst being easier to manage. From a commercial perspective many of these offspring are still not ideal - too small, too large, don't travel well, and so on. However many are still nice apples in their own right, often appealing to a wider audience than Cox, and Jupiter certainly falls into this category.

Jupiter is a very pleasant apple to look at. It is basically yellow but mostly covered with the characteristic orange and red flush of Cox. The shape is much more upright than Cox, like many other modern varieties, and has perhaps more "shelf-appeal" than its parent.

The flesh is juicy, and off-white in colour with a hint of green. Like most Cox offspring it is quite dense, firm rather than crunchy, but not soft. The flavour is strong, very "appley", and perhaps more acidic than Cox. An interesting comparison is with Kidd's Orange Red, also the result of a cross between Cox's Orange Pippin and an American variety. Jupiter errs on the sharper side, whereas Kidd's Orange Red is sweeter, and perhaps slightly closer in style to Cox. Purely in terms of flavour (there is not a close family relationship) Jupiter is very similar to Topaz, which also has the same well-balanced sharp strong flavour.

If you like Cox's Orange Pippin, and like a sharper apple, then you can be confident you will enjoy Jupiter. This is a nice example of a modern Cox-style apple, good-looking, and with an appealing robust apple flavour that delivers what it promises.

Jupiter identification images

USDA identification images for Jupiter

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.


    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

    Parents and other ancestors of this variety


    Visitor reviews

    • 09 Aug 2017  LONDON, United Kingdom
      Bought this apple at a farmers' market a few years ago and was amazed by the taste, which I could only describe as 'fruit cocktail'. Sadly, I have never seen this apple in the shops. Why? No idea! Clearly the best apple I have EVER eaten.
    • 18 Nov 2015  GLOUCESTER, United Kingdom
      18Nov15 We live in a fruit growing area. The soil is basically red clay. A glut year. I am here because I am trying to identify another Apple that we have, that is very like our Jupiter. Our Jupiter has been prolific with medium to large apples. They are very juicy, but a bit floury. They do not juice so well, and I don't why. They behave a bit like pears - not so good in an apple juicer. It may be that the flesh is not so firm and/or the skin doesn't shred so well and blocks the juicing. But the taste is excellent.
    • 17 Dec 2008  NOTTINGHAM, United Kingdom
      I agree with all your comments. My single tree has cropped really well in the last couple of years, despite dropping hundreds of small fruits in the early Summer. We have successfully stored through to February in an unheated garage, though the fruits soften eventually. Besides being a good eater, the fruit also cooks remarkably well, and thin slices can be lightly stewed, and then stored in jars. A versatile apple!
    • 30 Nov 2007  SURREY UK, United Kingdom
      Just identified, my little tree has produced c1600 apples this year(c200KG). I agree the flavour is as good, perhaps better, than a C.O.Pippin. However the fruit does not last long and, in my experience, is best early October thru to mid November. Does this throw doubt on the identification?
    • 03 Aug 2007  United Kingdom
      I only recently discovered Jupiter, being a confirmed "nothing will do but Cox's" addict, it was an absolute revelation. I agree entirely with your comments except that I would say it is arguably better than a Cox – I have had early season apples through to ones picked mid-October and they are to me more consistent in texture and flavour than Cox.

    Tree register

    United Kingdom

    Ireland

    Spring blossom records for this variety

    2013 season

    • 19th May  2013  - tree owned by Jean in Martock, United Kingdom
    • April  2013  - tree owned by Judith in Rowlands Castle, United Kingdom

    2012 season

    • 3rd May  2012  - tree owned by Lenore in Beverley, United Kingdom

    2011 season

    • 19th April  2011  - tree owned by Lenore in Beverley, United Kingdom
    • 14th April  2011  - tree owned by Mrs Che in Bingley, United Kingdom

    Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.


    Harvest records for this variety

    2013 season

    • September  2013  - tree owned by Judith in Rowlands Castle, United Kingdom

    2012 season

    • October  2012  - tree owned by Jean in Martock, United Kingdom
    • 3rd week September  2012  - tree owned by Lenore in Beverley, United Kingdom

    2011 season

    • 1st week October  2011  - tree owned by Michael in Runcorn, United Kingdom

    2010 season

    • September  2010  - tree owned by Mrs Che in Bingley, United Kingdom

    Origins

    • Species: Malus domestica
    • Parentage: Cox x Starking Delicious
    • Introduced: 1965
    • Developed by: East Malling Research Station

    Using

    • Picking season: Late
    • Cropping: Heavy
    • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
    • Flavor style (apples): Aromatic
    • Food uses: Eating fresh
    • Discoloration of fruit: Oxidising

    Growing

    • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
    • Flowering group: 3
    • Ploidy: Triploid
    • Bearing regularity: Regular
    • Bearing regularity: Biennial tendency

    Climate

    • Cold hardiness (RHS): H6 (to -20C)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)

    Identification

    • Country of origin: United Kingdom
    • Period of origin: 1950 - 1999
    • Flower colour: Pink - light
    • Leaf colour: Green
    • Fruit colour: Orange flush

    Where to buy trees

    The following tree nurseries offer Jupiter apple trees for sale:

    • Cummins Nursery
      United States  More >>

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    The following orchards grow Jupiter:

    United Kingdom




    References

    • Fruit Expert
      Author: Hessayon

    Varieties you viewed



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