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Antonovka apple

A popular small green culinary apple variety from Russia. Also of importance as a rootstock because of its ability to tolerate extreme cold.

Antonovka identification images

USDA identification images for Antonovka

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

  • Year: 1886

Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Offspring of this variety

Sports of this variety

Sports are natural genetic mutations of the original variety.

Visitor reviews

  • 14 Nov 2013  -, Finland
    Lovely to eat, slightly spicy. Flesh firm, very fine-grained, not at all coarse.
  • 05 Jan 2012  MINNESOTA, United States
    I'm reading a book by the Russian writer Ivan Bunin. There is a quote in the book "Good Antonovka's bring good years" then "If there's a healthy crop of Antonovka's the wheat will be healthy and the coming harvest will be plentiful."
  • 03 Jun 2011  Czech Republic
    My uncle has a variety of Antonovka which has very large yellow apples.
  • 25 Dec 2010  BRUSSELS, Belgium
    I would like to buy an apple tree Antonovka for my garden. As I live in Europe, it would be easier for me to buy it from your British nurseries.
  • 01 Jan 2010  United Kingdom
    Starter post

Tree register

United States

United Kingdom


  • David in New-Richmond, QUEBEC\CANADA


Spring blossom records for this variety

2020 season

  • 25th April  2020  - tree owned by Jerry in Point Reyes Station, United States

2018 season

  • 16th April  2018  - tree owned by Jerry in Point Reyes Station, United States

2014 season

  • June  2014  - tree owned by David in New-Richmond, Canada

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.

Harvest records for this variety

2020 season

  • 4th week November  2020  - tree owned by Jerry in Point Reyes Station, United States

2014 season

  • 2nd week October  2014  - tree owned by David in New-Richmond, Canada


  • Species: Malus domestica
  • Introduced: 1820s


  • Picking season: Early
  • Cropping: Good
  • Keeping (of fruit): 2-3 weeks
  • Flavor style (apples): Sharper
  • Food uses: Eating fresh
  • Food uses: Culinary
  • Food uses: Dual purpose


  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Growth habit: Spreading / Flat-topped
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Organic culture: Suitable


  • Cold-hardiness: Cold-hardy
  • Cold hardiness (USDA): (3) -40F / -40C
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)


  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Period of origin: 1850 - 1899
  • Flower colour: Pink - light
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • Fruit colour: Green - light

Where to buy fresh fruit

The following orchards grow Antonovka:

United States


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