All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Antonovka apple

A popular small green culinary apple variety from Russia. Also of importance as a rootstock because of its ability to tolerate extreme cold.

Antonovka identification photos

UK National Fruit Collection
UK National Fruit Collection
©Crown Copyright more >

  • Antonovka
    Copyright: Orange Pippin

Visitor reviews

  • 14 Nov 2013  Rod,  -, Finland
    Lovely to eat, slightly spicy. Flesh firm, very fine-grained, not at all coarse.
  • 05 Jan 2012  Davo,  MINNESOTA, United States
    I'm reading a book by the Russian writer Ivan Bunin. There is a quote in the book "Good Antonovka's bring good years" then "If there's a healthy crop of Antonovka's the wheat will be healthy and the coming harvest will be plentiful."
  • 03 Jun 2011  Tomas,  Czech Republic
    My uncle has a variety of Antonovka which has very large yellow apples.
  • 25 Dec 2010  Izmailova,  BRUSSELS, Belgium
    I would like to buy an apple tree Antonovka for my garden. As I live in Europe, it would be easier for me to buy it from your British nurseries.
  • 01 Jan 2010  Orange Pippin,  United Kingdom
    Starter post

Tree register

United States


  • David in New-Richmond, QUEBEC\CANADA


Spring blossom records for this variety

2020 season

  • 25th April  2020  - tree owned by Jerry in Point Reyes Station, United States

2018 season

  • 16th April  2018  - tree owned by Jerry in Point Reyes Station, United States

2014 season

  • June  2014  - tree owned by David in New-Richmond, Canada

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.

Harvest records for this variety

2020 season

  • 4th week November  2020  - tree owned by Jerry in Point Reyes Station, United States

2014 season

  • 2nd week October  2014  - tree owned by David in New-Richmond, Canada


  • Species: Malus domestica
  • Originates from: Kursk, Russia
  • Introduced: 1820s
  • Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1223
  • UK National Fruit Collection accession: 1948-666
  • Some historical details taken with kind permission from 'The New Book of Apples' by Joan Morgan and Alison Richards , illustrated by Elisabeth Dowle, published by Ebury Press, 2002.


  • Uses: Cooking
  • Flavour quality: Good
  • Flavour style: Sharper
  • Harvest period: Early-Mid season


  • Flowering period: Mid season
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Fertility: Self-sterile
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Vigour: Large
  • Gardening skill: Very easy
  • General disease resistance: Good
  • Period of origin: 1800 - 1849

Offspring of this variety

Sports (natural genetic mutations) of this variety


  • Scab  - Some resistance
  • Fireblight  - Some resistance

Where to buy fresh fruit

United States


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