All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Decio apple

Decio is a very old apple variety, believed by almost all sources to have originated in Roman times, albeit with little evidence. However there is more certain evidence of its existence in Italy in the Middle Ages, so whatever the origins it is clearly a very old variety, and probably the oldest currently available apple variety in existence with any kind of history before the 17th century.

Decio is a small apple, mostly green, but with a red flush. In the UK it should not be picked until late in November (perhaps suggesting that it does come from a warmer climate ...), and it will keep well into the following year. The flavour is lacklustre, and there is not much juice. The flesh is fairly soft, yet quite dense. For all that, it is perfectly palatable.

Decio is clearly a very primitive variety and therefore fascinating to compare with modern apple varieties from the late 20th century. In many ways this is a bit like comparing the Wright Flyer with Concorde - they are both aeroplanes, but the technological gulf between them is enormous. Decio is simply out-classed in every way by almost any modern apple variety, and by modern standards has little to recommend it. However its appeal lies in its history, and there is apparently still some demand from gardeners who want to be able to eat the same variety that was perhaps enjoyed by the Romans, and a number of specialist fruit tree nurseries still supply it. Unfortunately it is not known if Decio is a direct ancestor of any more recent apple varieties.
Last updated 10 Jun 2010.

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Current rating: 4.7 out of 5. Total votes cast: 3

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Probably the oldest variety in existence, thought to date back to Roman times

Decio phototape


  • Species: Malus domestica
  • Parentage: Unknown
  • Originates from: Italy
  • Introduced: 0-450 AD
  • Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1101
  • UK National Fruit Collection accession: 1983-032


  • Flowering period: Late season
  • Flowering group: 5
  • Fertility: Self-sterile
  • Ploidy: Diploid

Decio identification photos from official fruit collections

UK National Fruit Collection

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UK National Fruit Collection

Decio identification photos from website visitors

Fruit tree register

Do you have a tree of this variety in your garden or orchard? If so please register the details here and contribute to our international register of fruit trees.

The following Decio trees have been registered - click the name to view more details of each tree.

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Where to buy trees

The following fruit tree nurseries offer Decio apple trees for sale:

  • Keepers Nursery
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Where to buy fresh fruit

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