All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Joséphine de Malines pear

Juicy, sweet, vinous, floral melting flesh - this is perhaps the essential Belgian pear. Ripens late and keeps very well.

Joséphine de Malines identification images

USDA identification images for Joséphine de Malines

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

    Offspring of this variety

    Visitor reviews

    Tree register

    United Kingdom



    Spring blossom records for this variety

    2022 season

    • 20th April  2022  - tree owned by Cheuk in Amsterdam, Netherlands

    2017 season

    • 14th October  2017  - tree owned by Neville in Tea Tree Gully, Australia

    Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.


    • Species: Pyrus communis
    • Introduced: early 1800s
    • Developed by: Major Esperen


    • Picking season: Very late
    • Cropping: Heavy
    • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
    • Flavor style (apples): Sweeter
    • Food uses: Eating fresh


    • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
    • Flowering group: 4
    • Ploidy: Diploid
    • Growth habit: Spreading / Flat-topped
    • Bearing regularity: Regular


    • Cold hardiness (RHS): H6 (to -20C)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)


    • Country of origin: Belgium
    • Period of origin: 1800 - 1849
    • Flower colour: White
    • Leaf colour: Green
    • Fruit colour: Green / Yellow

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    No orchards have registered as growing this variety. If you grow this and want to register please go to our Orchard Registration form.


    • Fruit Expert
      Author: Hessayon
    • The Book of Pears (2015)
      Author: Morgan
    • The Fruit Manual
      Author: Hogg

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