All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Conference pear

Conference is the most widely-grown pear variety in the UK. It crops heavily and reliably, and will grow in most situations. It is also the leading commercial pear variety in Europe, with the Netherlands being the biggest producer.

Conference is self-fertile, and a good pollinator for many other pears.

A home-grown Conference pear, picked just before it is fully ripe, has an excellent flavour that should not disappoint.

Conference was developed by the Rivers Nursery of Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, in the second half of the 19th century. It is thought to be a seedling of a continental variety called Van Mons Leon Leclerc. It was named after the National British Pear Conference held in 1885.

Conference identification images

USDA identification images for Conference

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.


  • Year: 1916

  • Year: 1921

  • Year:

Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Offspring of this variety


Sports of this variety

Sports are natural genetic mutations of the original variety.


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United States

United Kingdom

Ireland

Poland

Origins

  • Species: Pyrus communis
  • Parentage: Seedling of Van Mons Leon Leclerc
  • Introduced: Late 19th century
  • Developed by: Rivers of Sawbridgeworth

Using

  • Picking season: Mid
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Keeping (of fruit): 2-3 weeks
  • Food uses: Eating fresh

Growing

  • Self-fertility: Self-fertile
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Growth habit: Upright
  • Bearing regularity: Regular

Climate

  • Cold hardiness (RHS): H6 (to -20C)
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cold (< 20C / 67F)
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)

Identification

  • Country of origin: United Kingdom
  • Period of origin: 1850 - 1899
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • Fruit colour: Green - light

Where to buy fresh fruit

The following orchards grow Conference:

United Kingdom




References

  • Fruit Expert
    Author: Hessayon
  • The Book of Pears (2015)
    Author: Morgan
    212

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