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Santa Rosa plum

Prunus x salicina
Santa Rosa is the definitive Japanese plum, with dark red skin and a sweet rich flavor.

USDA identification images for Santa Rosa

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

    Offspring of this variety

    Visitor reviews

    Tree register

    United States



    Spring blossom records for this variety

    2022 season

    • 13th May  2022  - tree owned by Laura in Gatineau, Canada

    2015 season

    • 5th May  2015  - tree owned by Albany in Castleton, United States
    • 6th March  2015  - tree owned by Karen in Salado, United States

    Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.


    • Species: Prunus salicina - Japanese plum


    • Country of origin: United States
    • Period of origin: 1900 - 1949
    • Fruit colour: Red
    • Flower colour: White
    • Leaf colour: Green
    • Annual cycle: Deciduous
    • Flesh colour: Golden / Yellow
    • Fruit size: Small
    • Fruit shape: Round


    • Cling-stone: Clingstone
    • Picking season: Mid
    • Keeping (of fruit): 2-3 weeks
    • Flavour quality: Good
    • Cropping: Good
    • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening
    • Food uses: Eating fresh
    • Food uses: Culinary
    • Food uses: Dual purpose
    • Picking month: July


    • Gardening skill: Average
    • Flowering group: 1
    • Pollinating others: Good
    • Vigour: Average vigour
    • Bearing regularity: Regular
    • Organic culture: Suitable
    • Attractive features: Attractive fruit
    • Self-fertility: Self-fertile
    • Site conditions: Sheltered site
    • Sunlight: Prefers full sun
    • Pruning: Do not prune
    • Flowering season: Mid-season


    • Cold hardiness (USDA): Zone 5 (-29C)
    • Chill requirement: Low-chill
    • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
    • Climate suitability: Warm climates
    • Cold-hardiness: Cold-hardy
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Hot (>30C / 86F)

    Other qualities

    • Disease resistance: Good
    • Brown rot: Some resistance
    • Bacterial canker: Some resistance

    Where to buy trees

    The following tree nurseries offer Santa Rosa plum trees for sale:

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    No orchards have registered as growing this variety. If you grow this and want to register please go to our Orchard Registration form.

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