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All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Winter Nelis pear

Pyrus communis
Winter Nelis
A very highly regarded late-season dessert pear from Belgium, with an excellent sweet flavour. The fruits keep well.

Also known as

  • French Seedling

Winter Nelis pear identification images

All images copyright Orange Pippin unless otherwise stated.

USDA identification images for Winter Nelis

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

  • USDA watercolor image of Pyrus communis: Winter Nelis
  • USDA watercolor image of Pyrus communis: Winter Nelis
  • USDA watercolor image of Pyrus communis: Winter Nelis
  • USDA watercolor image of Pyrus communis: Winter Nelis
  • USDA watercolor image of Pyrus communis: Winter Nelis
  • USDA watercolor image of Pyrus communis: Winter Nelis

Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Visitor reviews

  • 25 Apr 2024 
    Small, with bitter, tough and slippery skin and uninteresting, watery flesh.

Tree register

United States

United Kingdom



  • Evan in Launceston, TASMANIA

Spring blossom records for this variety

2022 season

  • 4th May  2022  - tree owned by Cheuk in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.


  • Species: Pyrus communis - Pear
  • Originates from: Mechelen / Malines, Belgium
  • Introduced: 1818
  • Developed by: M. Jean Charles Nelis
  • UK National Fruit Collection accession: 1973-319


  • Country of origin: Belgium
  • Period of origin: 1800 - 1849
  • Fruit colour: Green / Yellow
  • Flower colour: White
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • Annual cycle: Deciduous


  • Picking season: Late
  • Keeping (of fruit): 1-2 months
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Cropping: Heavy
  • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening
  • Food uses: Eating fresh
  • Picking period: early November
  • Wildlife: RHS Plants for Pollinators
  • Rootstock size class: Standard
  • Rootstock % of standard: 100%
  • Rootstock % of standard: 105%
  • Rootstock compatibility: European pear
  • Rootstock compatibility: Asian pear


  • Gardening skill: Experienced
  • Flowering group: 4
  • Pollinating others: Average
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Vigour: Weak growing
  • Precocity: Slow to start bearing
  • Bearing regularity: Regular
  • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile


  • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
  • Climate suitability: Warm climates
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
  • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)

Other qualities

  • Disease resistance: Poor
  • Scab (Apple and Pear): Some resistance
  • Powdery mildew: Some susceptibility
  • Fire blight: Very susceptible
  • Pear blossom blast: Some resistance
  • Crown Gall: Some resistance
  • Root suckers: Many
  • Root lesion nematode: Some susceptibility
  • Honey / Oak root fungus: Some resistance
  • Black end / Hard end: Very resistant
  • Pear decline: Some resistance
  • Pear Psylla: Some resistance

Where to buy trees

The following tree nurseries offer Winter Nelis pear trees for sale:

Where to buy fresh fruit

No orchards have registered as growing this variety. If you grow this and want to register please go to our Orchard Registration form.


  • Fruit Expert
    Author: Hessayon
  • The Book of Pears (2015)
    Author: Morgan
  • The Fruit Manual
    Author: Hogg

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