All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Harrison apple

Harrison is a well-regarded hard-cider apple. It was known throughout the eastern states in the early 19th century but subsequently fell into disuse.

In the late 20th century there was much renewed interest in American cider production and apple enthusiast Tom Burford managed to track down a couple of old trees of this variety. Many new trees have since been propagated and it has become a popular variety among hard cider enthusiasts.

USDA identification images for Harrison

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

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    Tree register

    United States


    • Dan in Vittoria, ONTARIO


    • Species: Malus domestica
    • Parentage: Unknown
    • Introduced: Early 19th century


    • Picking season: Late
    • Cropping: Good
    • Keeping (of fruit): 2-3 weeks
    • Food uses: Juice
    • Food uses: Hard cider
    • Juice style: Bittersweet (cider)


    • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile
    • Flowering group: 3
    • Ploidy: Diploid
    • Bearing regularity: Regular


    • Cold-hardiness: Cold-hardy
    • Cold hardiness (USDA): (5) -20F / -29C
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)


    • Country of origin: United States
    • Period of origin: 1750 - 1799
    • Fruit size: Large
    • Fruit colour: Russet
    • Fruit colour: Yellow

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    The following orchards grow Harrison:

    United States

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