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All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Harrison apple

Harrison is a well-regarded hard-cider apple. It was known throughout the eastern states in the early 19th century but subsequently fell into disuse.

In the late 20th century there was much renewed interest in American cider production and apple enthusiast Tom Burford managed to track down a couple of old trees of this variety. Many new trees have since been propagated and it has become a popular variety among hard cider enthusiasts.

USDA identification images for Harrison

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

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    Tree register

    United States


    • Dan in Vittoria, ONTARIO


    • Species: Malus domestica - Apple
    • Parentage: Unknown
    • Originates from: New Jersey, United States
    • Introduced: Early 19th century


    • Country of origin: United States
    • Period of origin: 1750 - 1799
    • Fruit colour: Russet
    • Fruit colour: Yellow
    • Annual cycle: Deciduous
    • Flowering duration: Average (2-3 weeks)
    • Fruit size: Large
    • Awards: Slow Food - Ark of Taste
    • Fruit shape: Conical


    • Picking season: Late
    • Keeping (of fruit): 2-3 weeks
    • Flavour quality: Very good
    • Juice style: Bittersweet (cider)
    • Cropping: Good
    • Fruit persistence: Normal ripening
    • Food uses: Juice
    • Food uses: Hard cider
    • Picking month: October
    • Picking period: early October
    • Wildlife: RHS Plants for Pollinators


    • Gardening skill: Average
    • Flowering group: 3
    • Pollinating others: Average
    • Ploidy: Diploid
    • Vigour: Slightly small
    • Bearing regularity: Regular
    • Fruit bearing: Spur-bearer
    • Self-fertility: Not self-fertile


    • Cold hardiness (USDA): Zone 5 (-29C)
    • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
    • Climate suitability: Warm climates
    • Cold-hardiness: Cold-hardy
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)

    Other qualities

    • Disease resistance: Average
    • Scab (Apple and Pear): Some resistance

    Where to buy trees

    The following tree nurseries offer Harrison apple trees for sale:

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    The following orchards grow Harrison:

    United States

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