All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Northern Greening apple

Northern Greening is a very old English apple, already widely-grown by the early 19th century.  It was rated by the Victorian author Hogg as "an excellent culinary apple of first-rate quality" and it cooks to juicy puree.

Whilst one disagrees with Hogg at one's peril, it is perhaps safe to say that its descendants have a better flavour when cooked.  The true importance of Northern Greening lies in its historical significance, as it is the probable parent of Dumelow's Seedling which was in turn one of the most influential Victorian culinary apples.

Northern Greening is in some ways a more "primitive" apple than other culinary apples of the Victorian era.  It has a rather un-prepossesing appearance, and is smaller than the norm for a cooking apple.  However it has the key qualities necessary in a cooking apple: it stores very well (a crucial attribute before the advent of refrigeration), it has a good acidic flavour (the base of all English-style apple cooking), and the tree is very reliable, disease resistant, and productive.  These qualities, along with better size and visual appearance, are to be found in many of its descendants.

Last updated 09 Oct 2010.

Rate this variety for flavor

Current rating: 4.8 out of 5. Total votes cast: 4

Visitor comments

(Use the form at the bottom to add your own comments about this variety)

25 Sep 2013 
I have been driving 2 hours to the NC/VA area to purchase Northern Greenings. It is the only place I have found them. It is the very best apple I and my grown kids have found for dried apples. They keep their color without treating and are so wonderful tasting when dried. There is no better or more healthy snack.

14 May 2013 
This(the greening) is one of my childhood favorites. Crunchy and tart for eating (the kind of apples I like) and does make superb sauce and pies. The tree we pick from has been in my family for 50+ years and is a great producer. When in cold storage the apples last for months before losing integrity then you just make sauce. Great apple!

18 Sep 2009 
The greening has long been a favorite in our family for making pies. Oh, sure. The Granny Smith's are all the rage these days, but the firm, tart greening makes a much better pie. A bit hard for just eating though.

14 Sep 2008 
I am not 100% certain that this is a Northern Greening but my source who worked for USDA for many years thought it was. This tree is probably 10 years old and this is the first year that the fruit was outstanding. It makes wonderful apple sauce and pies.

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A very old English apple, widely grown by the 19th century and probably the forebear of many of the major Victorian-era culinary apples.

Northern Greening phototape


  • Species: Malus domestica
  • Parentage: Unknown
  • Originates from: England, United Kingdom
  • Introduced: 18th century
  • Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1171
  • UK National Fruit Collection accession: 1956-031


  • Bultitude apple group: 3. Flushed / striped, smooth, acidic, culinary


  • Flavour quality: Average
  • Flavour style: Sharper
  • Harvest period: Late season
  • Use / keeping: 3 months or more


  • Cropping: Good
  • Flowering period: Mid season
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Fertility: Self-sterile
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Gardening skill: Very easy
  • General disease resistance: Good


  • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
  • Climate suitability: Tolerates cold winters

Relationships to other varieties

Offspring of this variety:

References and further reading about this variety

  • Apples of England (1948)
    Author: Taylor

Northern Greening identification photos from official fruit collections

UK National Fruit Collection

©Crown Copyright more >
UK National Fruit Collection

Northern Greening identification photos from website visitors

Northern Greening
Northern Greening

Fruit tree register

Do you have a tree of this variety in your garden or orchard? If so please register the details here and contribute to our international register of fruit trees.

The following Northern Greening trees have been registered - click the name to view more details of each tree.

You can also view these trees on a map.

United States

Latest Spring blossom records for this variety

2017 season

  • June  2017  - tree owned by Dianne in St Germain, United States

2013 season

  • April  2013  - tree owned by Melanie in Armour, United States

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.

Latest harvest records for this variety

2017 season

    2013 season

    • August  2013  - tree owned by Melanie in Armour, United States

    Where to buy fresh fruit

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