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Brandywine crab-apple

Malus x purpurea x ioensis
Brandywine is characterised by its unusual scented double pink flowers.

USDA identification images for Brandywine

The identification paintings in the USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection span the years 1886 to 1942.

    Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705.

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    Origins

    • Species: Malus species - Crab-apple

    Identification

    • Country of origin: United States
    • Fruit colour: Orange
    • Flower colour: Pink
    • Leaf colour: Green
    • Flowering month: April
    • Annual cycle: Deciduous
    • Flowering duration: Average (2-3 weeks)
    • Flower form: Double flower (25-50 petals)
    • Leaf colour - autumn: Orange / Red
    • Flower size: Medium
    • Fruit size: Average
    • Fruit shape: Round
    • Leaf colour - young: Light red

    Using

    • Picking season: Late
    • Keeping (of fruit): Does not keep
    • Cropping: Good
    • Fruit persistence: Fruit drops when ripe
    • Picking month: September
    • Wildlife: Attractive to birds

    Growing

    • Gardening skill: Beginner
    • Flowering group: 3
    • Pollinating others: Poor
    • Vigour: Average vigour
    • Bearing regularity: Regular
    • Growth habit: Spreading / Flat-topped
    • Attractive features: Attractive flowers
    • Attractive features: Attractive fruit
    • Attractive features: Attractive tree / plant
    • Self-fertility: Self-fertile
    • Height after 10 years: 3m-5m / 10ft-16ft
    • Growth rate: Average
    • Attractive features: Autumn foliage colour
    • Attractive features: Scented flowers
    • Sunlight: Prefers full sun
    • Pruning: Light prune

    Climate

    • Cold hardiness (USDA): Zone 4 (-34C)
    • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
    • Climate suitability: Mild damp climates
    • Cold-hardiness: Cold-hardy
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cool ( 20-24C / 68-75F)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Warm (25-30C / 76-85F)
    • Summer average maximum temperatures: Cold (< 20C / 67F)

    Other qualities

    • Disease resistance: Average
    • Scab (Apple and Pear): Some susceptibility
    • Cedar apple rust: Some susceptibility

    Where to buy fresh fruit

    No orchards have registered as growing this variety. If you grow this and want to register please go to our Orchard Registration form.



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