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About this Cortland Apple tree

Owner: David

Location:  TWO RIVERS, WI, United States

Age: Planted in about 2010
Soil characteristics at this location: sandy with a little clay 
Climate at this location: Zone 5a - cool, within 1 mile of Lake Michigan
Pruning: yes - being trained and pruned
Age of this tree: Less than 5 years
Tree form: Central leader (widest at bottom)
Height: Between 6ft / 2m and 15ft / 4m
Cropping: Heavy crops
Growth characteristics: This tree grows fairly well here
Herbicides: Manual treatment (hoeing and weeding)
Pesticides: Not sure
Main local pests: my dog, aphids

Owner's comments

Planted as a whip in April 2010. Successfully grafted Foxwhelp onto one branch May 2011, one branch of Dolgo Crab in April 2012, and two branches of Hudson's Golden Gem in May 2013. Heavy cropper, needs diligent thinning; if you want good size fruit, remove about 80-90% of fruitlets. As of fall 2017, this tree is essentially dead after severe fireblight killed almost all the leaves. I will be moving anyway in spring 2018 and will not move this tree. In its stead I will plant a larger semidwarf (this one was full dwarf on Bud.9).

Season records for this tree

Season Blossom date Picking date / Yield Size Season notes
2017 30 May
0kg / 0lbs
Fireblight: Severe attack
Woolly aphid: Mild attack
Whole tree dying of fireblight. Only a handful of leaves on the tree.
2016 29 May
2nd week October
1kg / 2lbs

Dog tore half the branches off. Lucky to get 2 apples this season.
2015 30 May
2nd week October
6kg / 13lbs
2.0m / 6.7ft high
1.5m / 5.0ft wide
Canker: Not present
Fireblight: Not present
Cedar-apple rust: Not present
Woolly aphid: Not present
HUGE fruit set of ~200 apples. 40 remain after pruning.
2014 4 June
3rd week October
2kg / 4lbs
2.5m / 8.3ft high
1.5m / 5.0ft wide
Fireblight: Not present
Woolly aphid: Not present
Lots of blossom, no disease, ~15 dropped in July to 11 of nice size and color.
2013 1 June
3rd week October
1kg / 2lbs
2.5m / 8.3ft high
1.5m / 5.0ft wide
Tons of fruit set. Thinned ~40 fruitlets to 9. Severe rosy aphids.
2012 16 May
4th week September
1kg / 2lbs
2.0m / 6.7ft high

Discovered it is a tip bearer. 4 of 8 blossoms w/ 1st apples! 6.5 feet high.
0kg / 0lbs 1.0m / 3.3ft wide
Extremely late spring - mid-May to green buds. Height 6 feet, lots of branches.
0kg / 0lbs 1.5m / 5.0ft high

Surprised that it bloomed as a whip! Doubled height w/ five new scaffolds.

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