All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Oriole apple

Oriole is one of a number of apple varieties developed by the University of Minnesota in the first half of the 20th century.  A common characteristic of all these varieties is their ability to withstand the very cold conditions of a Minnesota winter.  Oriole is hardy down to zone 3, provided it is grown on a suitable rootstock (MM111 or M7 are popular).

Like all early-season apples Oriole does not keep, although it remains edible for a week after picking - but best kept in a refrigerator.  The flavour is lightly acidic, fairly bland but pleasantly juicy, and fairly crisp for an early apple.  It is generally regarded as a dual-purpose eating/cooking apple.

Last updated 26 Aug 2010.

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Current rating: 4.0 out of 5. Total votes cast: 3

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An early-season American apple from the University of Minnesota.


  • Species: Malus domestica
  • Parentage: Yellow Transparent x Liveland Raspberry
  • Originates from: Minnesota, United States
  • Introduced: 1949
  • Developed by: University of Minnesota
  • Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1570
  • UK National Fruit Collection accession: 1951-067


  • Fruit colour: Green


  • Uses: Eat fresh
  • Uses: Cooking
  • Flavour quality: Average
  • Flavour style: Sharper
  • Harvest period: Early season
  • Use / keeping: 1-3 days


  • Cropping: Good Some correspondents say it is a heavy-cropping variety, others say it is light.
  • Flowering period: Mid season
  • Flowering group: 3
  • Fertility: Self-sterile
  • Ploidy: Diploid
  • Vigour: Slightly large
  • Gardening skill: Very easy
  • General disease resistance: Poor


  • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
  • Climate suitability: Tolerates cold winters

Relationships to other varieties

Offspring of this variety:

Oriole identification photos from official fruit collections

UK National Fruit Collection

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UK National Fruit Collection

Oriole identification photos from website visitors

Fruit tree register

Do you have a tree of this variety in your garden or orchard? If so please register the details here and contribute to our international register of fruit trees.

The following Oriole trees have been registered - click the name to view more details of each tree.

You can also view these trees on a map.

United States

Latest Spring blossom records for this variety

2012 season

  • 20th April  2012  - tree owned by Chuck in Worthington, United States

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.

Latest harvest records for this variety

2012 season

    Where to buy fresh fruit

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