All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

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Varieties: 117 | Reset list

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Photo of Akane

Akane apple

One of the best early-season apples, better known in the USA than Europe, but would appeal to European tastes too.
Photo of Ambrosia

Ambrosia apple

A sweet modern apple variety from western Canada, quite similar to Golden Delicious. Discovered as a chance seedling in an orchard in British Columbia.
Photo of Annie Elizabeth

Annie Elizabeth apple

A popular English culinary apple, which keeps its shape when cooked.
Photo of Apricot

Apricot apple

An unusual and little-known apple variety noted for its apricot-like flavor.
Photo of Ard Cairn Russet

Ard Cairn Russet apple

An old apple variety from Ireland, with a flavor reminiscent of bananas.
Photo of Aroma

Aroma apple

A modern apple from Sweden, developed during the 1950s.
Photo of Ashmead's Kernel

Ashmead's Kernel apple

A very old apple variety, with a drab appearance which belies a unique peardrop flavour. Ashmead's Kernel is also one of very small number of English apple varieties that also thrives in North America.
Photo of Baldwin

Baldwin apple

A very popular old American apple variety, widely grown for culinary use, and a good keeper.
Photo of Barnack Beauty

Barnack Beauty apple

An attractive old English cooking apple.
Photo of Baya Marisa

Baya Marisa apple

A modern red-fleshed apple variety with a good flavour, developed in Germany, and also known as Tickled Pink.

Beacon apple

Beacon is a bright red early-season apple with a soft flesh, noted for its cold hardiness.
Photo of Beauty of Hampshire

Beauty of Hampshire apple

An attractive 19th century dessert apple, possibly related to Blenheim Orange

Black Oxford apple

Round deep purple fruit with a black bloom.
Photo of Blenheim Orange

Blenheim Orange apple

An 18th century English dual-purpose apple which remains very popular as a garden variety.

Bloody Ploughman apple

A blood red apple from Scotland with a mild but sweet flavour.
Photo of Boiken

Boiken apple

Medium-sized fruit, skin smooth and yellowish with red cheek. Flesh firm and fine grained. Refreshing, sprightly, subacid flavor.
Photo of Braddick's Nonpareil

Braddick's Nonpareil apple

A little-known but high quality English dessert apple. Braddick's Nonpareil has a strong sharp flavour but with some underlying sweetness too - imagine sour honey (in a nice way) and you have it.
Photo of Braeburn

Braeburn apple

Braeburn was the first of the new wave of bi-colored supermarket apple varieties, and re-established the importance of flavor in commercial apples.
Photo of Calville Blanc d'Hiver

Calville Blanc d'Hiver apple

The perfect choice for tarte aux pommes, its spicy aromatic flavor makes it one of the world's top culinary apples.

Candy Crisp apple

Glossy yellow, and generally russet free apple with an extremely mild, somewhat pear-like flavor. Large, conical fruits is occasionally blushed with soft pink.
Photo of Cellini

Cellini apple

An unusual Victorian variety, primarily a culinary apple but can be eaten fresh. One of the best examples of the aniseed component of apple flavours.

Charden apple

A modern French apple derived from Golden Delicious but with better disease resistance.
Photo of Cheerfull Gold

Cheerfull Gold apple

A modern English apple variety, derived from Cox's Orange Pippin and Golden Delicious.
Photo of Chenango Strawberry

Chenango Strawberry apple

Medium to large fruit smooth, yellowish or greenish-white skin striped with crimson. Flesh juicy, mildly subacid, aromatic with a hint of strawberries. Skin smooth and tough. Pick when skin starts to turn milky.
Photo of Chieftain

Chieftain apple

Fruits are medium in size, round, and bright red. Flesh firm, juicy, white. Flavor subacid, milder than Jonathan but more sprightly than Delicious. Dual purpose, high quality. Keeps well.
Photo of Chivers Delight

Chivers Delight apple

Delightful, easy-going apple, sweet, juicy, crunchy - and some aromatic qualities
Photo of Claygate Pearmain

Claygate Pearmain apple

A popular Victorian dessert apple, named after the village where it was discovered.
Photo of Cockett's Red

Cockett's Red apple

A small but pretty red eating apple from Cambridgeshire, with a somewhat sharp flavour which mellows in storage.
Photo of Cornish Aromatic

Cornish Aromatic apple

Old-fashioned variety from Cornwall, some pineapple flavours, very enjoyable
Photo of Cornish Gilliflower

Cornish Gilliflower apple

An important English apple of the Victorian era, with a good sweet aromatic flavour.

Cosmic Crisp apple

Marketed as a new non-GMO non-browning apple, Cosmic Crisp inherits reliability and disease-resistance from Enterprise and crisp flavor from Honeycrisp. Originally known as WA38.

Court Of Wick apple

Small to medium. Conical. Golden yellow skin, blushed red and spotted with russet. Flavor is strong and fruity.

Cybele Delrouval apple

An excellent new variety from France - sweet, crisp, juicy - one of the best mid-season varieties.
Photo of D'Arcy Spice

D'Arcy Spice apple

An old apple variety from the county of Essex in south-east England with several unusual characteristics, and notable for its spice-like flavour.
Photo of Delicious

Delicious apple

One of the most famous and important American apple varieties. The original Delicious has a flavor that many find superior to the numerous sports such as Red Delicious that have been developed from it.

Doctor Harvey apple

Originates from East Anglia in the 1600s. Named after Dr Gabriel Harvey of Cambridge.
Photo of Dumelow's Seedling

Dumelow's Seedling apple

One of the best cooking apples of the Victoria era. More correctly known as Dumeller's Seedling.
Photo of Ellison's Orange

Ellison's Orange apple

One of the best offspring of Cox's Orange Pippin, with a distinct aniseed flavor.
Photo of Empire

Empire apple

One of the best McIntosh-style apples, with a good sweet vinous flavor, and easy to grow.
Photo of Enterprise

Enterprise apple

A modern American late-season disease-resistant apple with a sharp flavor and good keeping qualities.
Photo of Esopus Spitzenburg

Esopus Spitzenburg apple

One of the great American apple varieties, thought to be Thomas Jefferson's favourite. Noted for its spicy flavour, and for its susceptibility to any and every disease afflicting apples.

Evelina apple

Evelina is a red-coloured sport of Pinova, a modern disease-resistant apple related to Golden Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippin.
Photo of Feltham Beauty

Feltham Beauty apple

An early season English apple, ripens in mid-August. The flavour is sweeter than most early varieties.
Photo of Fiesta

Fiesta apple

One of the best Cox-style apples, and much easier to grow. Often marketed as Red Pippin.

Filippa apple

Considered one of the best seedlings of Gravenstein.
Photo of Florina

Florina apple

Medium to large. Very attractive purple-red over yellow. Medium firm. Aromatic. Keeps well.
Photo of Fuji

Fuji apple

Developed in Japan, but an all-American cross of Red Delicious and Ralls Janet. A very attractive modern apple, crisp, sweet-flavoured, and keeps well.
Photo of Gala

Gala apple

One of the most widely-grown apple varieties, with a sweet pleasant flavour, and good keeping qualities.
Photo of Galloway Pippin

Galloway Pippin apple

A good quality Scottish cooking apple.
Photo of Gascoyne's Scarlet

Gascoyne's Scarlet apple

Produces a pink juice
Photo of Gavin

Gavin apple

Early attempt to breed a scab-resistant dessert apple, surprisingly good sweet/sharp flavour - an under-rated apple
Photo of Ginger Gold

Ginger Gold apple

An attractive yellow apple from Virginia
Photo of Gladstone

Gladstone apple

An old English summer apple, dating back to the 1780s, but re-introduced in 1868 by Mr Jackson of Blakedown Nursery as Jackson's Seedling. Renamed Gladstone in 1883.
Photo of Golden Delicious

Golden Delicious apple

Undoubtedly one of the most important apple varieties of the 20th century, both as a commercial variety in its own right, and as breeding stock for many other varieties. Very good flavor when home-grown.
Photo of Golden Reinette

Golden Reinette apple

A very old variety, popular in 18th and 19th centuries, a pleasant mild dry flavour.
Photo of GoldRush

GoldRush apple

A modern disease-resistant apple variety related to Golden Delicious, with crisp hard flesh and a good sugar / acid balance.

Green Harvey apple

An old green dual-purpose apple with a sweet-sharp flavour. This is probably not related to Harvey or Golden Harvey varieties.

Haralred apple

Selection of Red Haralson. Earlier, redder, and sweeter, without the common russeting problem many Haralsons have. Juicy, tart, firm flesh. Good keeper. Haralred is the tradename, the variety name is Lautz.

Harry Masters Jersey apple

A traditional English cider apple variety, producing a bittersweet juice.
Photo of Herrings Pippin

Herrings Pippin apple

Excellent eating and cooking apple. Fruit large, deep green, colored crimson on one side. Flesh crisp but tender when ripe. Spicy flavor, pleasing aroma.
Photo of Honeycrisp

Honeycrisp apple

Sometimes marketed as Honey Crisp or Honeycrunch, this is a crisp, and predominantly sweet, modern variety from the USA. It was developed by the University of Minnesota specifically for growers in cold climates, and is one of the most cold-hardy of apple varieties.

Hubbardston Nonesuch apple

Large, rugged fruit with red skin, highlight of gold. Flesh hard, crisp yet fine-grained. Sprightly and rich flavor, becoming sweeter when fully ripe.
Photo of Ingrid Marie

Ingrid Marie apple

A Cox-style apple from Denmark, quite popular in northern Europe.
Photo of Jester

Jester apple

An attractive unpretentious apple, crisp and refreshing, nice flavour but rather bland.
Photo of Jonagold

Jonagold apple

A very popular commercial variety, with a good flavour. Inherits many of the good qualities of its parents Jonathan and Golden Delicious.
Photo of Jonamac

Jonamac apple

Medium size, firm fruit with 90% dark red color over greenish background. Flesh firm, crisp, high quality with flavor similar to McIntosh.
Photo of Jupiter

Jupiter apple

One of the best Cox-style varieties, slightly more robust flavour than Cox
Photo of Karin Schneider

Karin Schneider apple

A red-colored sport of Ingrid Marie. Medium large fruit, yellow skinned with crimson. Sweet, aromatic flavor.
Photo of Karmijn de Sonnaville

Karmijn de Sonnaville apple

A Cox-style apple from the Netherlands, very attractive autumnal colours, and the potential for very good flavor.
Photo of Keepsake

Keepsake apple

Unattractive, irregularly shaped, 2.25 to 2.75 inch diameter, 90% red fruit. Fine grained, hard, very crisp, juicy light yellow flesh. Strongly aromatic flavor. Very hardy. Mellows with age. Attains peak fresh eating quality in January or February. Keeps in storage through April.

Kiku apple

A red-sport of Fuji, grown primarily in Italy.
Photo of King of the Pippins

King of the Pippins apple

A good early/mid-season dual-purpose variety, thought to originate from 18th century France (where it is known as Reine de Reinettes) but widely grown in England since Victorian times.
Photo of King's Acre Pippin

King's Acre Pippin apple

A good late-season English dessert apple, with a strong flavour. Keeps well.

Lady Henniker apple

A well-regarded large late-season Victorian apple variety, primarily a cooker.
Photo of Lady Sudeley

Lady Sudeley apple

A well-known and attractive English early-season apple from the late Victorian era.
Photo of Lane's Prince Albert

Lane's Prince Albert apple

A classic Victorian English cooking apple, and remains a popular garden variety.
Photo of Laxton's Superb

Laxton's Superb apple

The definitive late Victorian dessert apple, firm, Cox-style but sweeter, understated but very "more-ish".
Photo of Lemon Pippin

Lemon Pippin apple

Good for drying. Small, yellow dotted fruit with greenish-white, crisp, acid flesh.

Lord Burghley apple

A well-regarded Victorian winter dessert apple, and an excellent keeper.
Photo of Lord Derby

Lord Derby apple

A popular good-quality English cooking apple of the Victorian era.
Photo of Melon

Melon apple

Fruits very good quality. Medium large, skin yellow, red striped, round, oblate, conical with mild flavor.
Photo of Merton Knave

Merton Knave apple

An early-season English dessert apple, raised in the mid twentieth century.

Michelin apple

Michelin is a traditional French hard cider apple variety producing a medium bittersweet juice.

Morley's Seedling apple

A late-season English cooking apple, from Cambrideshire in eastern England.
Photo of Mother

Mother apple

An old Massachusetts apple variety rated for its flavor.
Photo of Newton Wonder

Newton Wonder apple

A 19th century English cooking apple, still popular as a UK garden apple variety.
Photo of Norfolk Royal

Norfolk Royal apple

A sweet old-fashioned apple, with a delicate melon flavour - very likeable
Photo of Novamac

Novamac apple

Flattened fruit with 70% red stripe on green background. Crisp, tender, fine-textured flesh. Slight McIntosh flavor. Good quality.
Photo of Orleans Reinette

Orleans Reinette apple

An old-fashioned 18th century French apple, with a good reputation for flavour, but usually not a good cropper.
Photo of Pine Golden Pippin

Pine Golden Pippin apple

Russet. Sweet.
Photo of Pinova

Pinova apple

An attractive yellow apple with a pink/orange flush. Crops heavily and stores well. Also known as Pinata.
Photo of Pitmaston Pine Apple

Pitmaston Pine Apple

An old English apple variety with an unusual flavour reminscent of pineapples.
Photo of Pixie

Pixie apple

A popular garden variety, and a very good Cox substitute, quite sharp flavour
Photo of Pixie Crunch

Pixie Crunch apple

Small, sweet flavored, crisp and juicy apple. Greenish-yellow base color with 90-100% red-purple overcolor.
Photo of Pristine

Pristine apple

Beautiful lemon-yellow apple with a perfect finish. This high quality apple is very productive and is a good keeper for an early apple.
Photo of Rajka

Rajka apple

A modern variety from the Czech Republic, bred specifically for disease resistance.
Photo of Red Delicious

Red Delicious apple

One of the most famous American apple varieties, a sport of Delicious, known for its bright red color.

Reinette Clochard apple

A pretty yellow-skinned traditional French apple.
Photo of Reinette du Canada

Reinette du Canada apple

An old French russet variety, and remains the definitive French russet variety. Also known as Reinette Blanche du Canada.
Photo of Reinette Grise du Canada

Reinette Grise du Canada apple

A more russeted form of the popular Reinette du Canada. Grown commercially in France and Italy.
Photo of Roxbury Russet

Roxbury Russet apple

Probably the first apple variety originating in North America, as a seedling from a variety brought from Europe by early settlers.

Sansa apple

Red, medium large. Sweet with acid. Resembles Gala flavor.
Photo of Santana

Santana apple

A modern apple from the Netherlands, with a pleasant vinous flavour and bred specifically for reduced levels of proteins which can cause allergic reactions for some people.

Scarlett O'Hara apple

Fruit is round-conic, full blushed red, sweet and juicy. Hangs extremely well to the tree and sugars increase greatly until early October.

Spigold apple

Large golden yellow fruit 75% covered with bright red stripes. Tender skin. Fine grained firm crisp yellow flesh, sprightly and sweet. Stores well.

Splendour apple

A popular commercial apple variety in New Zealand.
Photo of Starkrimson

Starkrimson apple

Crisp, dense flesh, very sweet, quite juicy - a Delicious-style apple

Stayman apple

An old American dual-purpose apple variety, popular in Virginia. Descended from Winesap, and in most respects an even better apple.

Sundance apple

A modern disease-resistant apple with an attractive yellow blush.
Photo of Tydeman's Early Worcester

Tydeman's Early Worcester apple

A sweet early-season English apple, grown commercially on a small scale. Has a good flavour and somewhat under-rated.
Photo of Tydeman's Late Orange

Tydeman's Late Orange apple

A popular Cox-style apple, with a later season and sharper flavour.

Virginia Gold apple

Bright yellow fruit with pink blush. Crisp juicy flesh with flavors similar to Newtown Pippin. Should be stored to reach peak flavor.
Photo of Weirouge

Weirouge apple

A red-fleshed apple variety which has been used as the basis for commercial development of new red-fleshed apples.

Winston apple

A Cox-style apple, easy to grow.
Photo of Winter Banana

Winter Banana apple

Named for the alleged banana-like flavour.

Woolbrook Russet apple

A cooking apple, related to Bramley's Seedling.
Photo of Zari

Zari apple

An attractive modern commercial apple variety, related to Delcorf and Elstar.

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