Gage - Jefferson - tasting notes, identification, reviews
All about apples, pears, plums, and cherries - and orchards where they are grown

Jefferson gage

The Jefferson gage was raised in Albany, New York in the 1820s and named in honour of President Jefferson. The parentage is not certain but it is possibly Coe's Golden Drop, which it resembles in appearance and flavour.

Jefferson is variously recorded as a gage or a plum, reflecting the uncertainty in nomenclature between plums and gages. We have ranked it amongst the gages primarily because it has "that" flavour which is found in gages but not plums.  However it does have some plum-like characteristics, for example the growth habit of the tree is somewhat more vigorous and productive (in good conditions) than other gages.  In temperate climates it is responds well to wall-training.

The flavour of Jefferson is very good.  Whilst gages are traditionally considered to have a finer flavour than plums, we have a suspicion that the best flavours in the plum world are often to be found amongst the plum-like gages, a category which Jefferson probably falls into.  Jefferson has the rich sweet flavour of gages but with a bit of sharpness to give the flavour some backbone.  It is also very juicy, and is a very enjoyable fruit to eat fresh from the tree.  The skin is a bit tough - but this is a minor criticism.  A further benefit of Jefferson is that the fruits will hang on the tree for several weeks so you can pick a few each day.

All in all, Jefferson is a really excellent plum / gage variety.  If you were intending to plant a few plum trees, Jefferson is definitely worth consideration.

Last updated 07 Sep 2010.

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Visitor comments

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06 Sep 2013 
I agree with the tasting notes, great flavour, but very shy cropping

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A very good yellow gage with the typical gage flavour.

Jefferson phototape


  • Species: Prunus domestica
  • Parentage: Washington and/or Coe's Golden Drop
  • Originates from: Albany, New York, United States
  • Introduced: 1820s
  • Developed by: Judge Buel
  • Orange Pippin Cultivar ID: 1542


  • Fruit colour: Yellow / mottled
  • Fruit shape: Oval / round
  • Stone clinging?: Semi-clinging


  • Uses: Eat fresh
  • Flavour quality: Very good
  • Flavour style: Gage-like
  • Harvest period: Mid-Late season
  • Use / keeping: 1-3 days Keeps well on the tree


  • Cropping: Good
  • Flowering period: Early season
  • Flowering group: 2
  • Fertility: Self-sterile
  • Vigour: Average growth
  • Gardening skill: Average
  • Precocity: Precocious
  • General disease resistance: Good


  • Climate suitability: Warm climates
  • Climate suitability: Temperate climates
  • Blossom frost-resistance: Good resistance

Other qualities

  • Awards: RHS AGM


  • Canker  - Some resistance
  • Brown rot  Monilinia fructigena  - Some resistance
  • Silverleaf  Chondrostereum purpureum  - Some resistance

Relationships to other varieties

Parents and other ancestors of this variety:

Fruit tree register

Do you have a tree of this variety in your garden or orchard? If so please register the details here and contribute to our international register of fruit trees.

The following Jefferson trees have been registered - click the name to view more details of each tree.

You can also view these trees on a map.

United Kingdom


Latest Spring blossom records for this variety

2018 season

  • 18th April  2018  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

2017 season

  • 26th March  2017  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

2016 season

  • 5th April  2016  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

2013 season

  • 19th April  2013  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

2012 season

  • 29th March  2012  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

2011 season

  • 6th April  2011  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

2010 season

  • 15th April  2010  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

Record your blossom dates in our Fruit Tree Register - more >>.

Latest harvest records for this variety

2018 season

    2017 season

      2016 season

        2013 season

          2012 season

          • 2nd week September  2012  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

          2011 season

          • 4th week August  2011  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

          2010 season

          • 2nd week September  2010  - tree owned by Richard in YORK, United Kingdom

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